Taiwan Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage in Historic First for Asia

Taiwan Legalizes Same-Sex Marriage in Historic First for Asia

Lawmakers in Taiwan have approved a bill legalizing same-sex marriage, a landmark decision that makes the self-ruled island the first place in Asia to pass gay marriage legislation.


争议许久的台湾同性婚姻法案,今日(5月17日)在立法院通过二读。台湾执政的民进党在立法院强力支持该草案,反对党国民党则有多数委员投下反对票。


根据台湾法律,二读通过当天下午六点前需执行三读程序,若无违宪等重大疏失,二读通过的法案都会获得最终批准。


此法律的施行意味着从5月24日起,年满18岁的台湾同性伴侣便可依法登记结婚。但是,关于领养小孩以及跨国同志婚姻,包含大陆及港澳同志能否到台湾结婚的问题没有在此专法上完全采纳。


相同



  1. 年满18岁的同性配偶可以登记结婚,婚姻当事人可收养另一方的「亲生子女」,凖用民法「继亲收养」规定。

  2. 同性配偶拥有合法财产继承权、医疗权,但同时也必须遵守单一配偶相关权利义务。

  3. 同性伴侣一样要受到婚姻规范包含通奸罪、重婚罪。


不同



  1. 无法领养非亲生子女。

  2. 目前只能与同婚通过的国家公民结婚,大陆港澳伴侣也尚未纳入专法。


外界分析,蔡英文政府高调要求推动通过同性婚姻专法,赌上了自己及该党的政治生涯。亦有评论认为,蔡英文此次为清理战场,将缠绕她本人及该党已久的同性婚姻法案迅速解决,有利于她竞选下一届总统。


同志团体称此为历史性的一刻,除了感激蔡政府之外,并感谢30年来参与同志运动的每位支持者。但赞成与反对同婚的群体仍然存在明显意见分歧。



爭議許久的台灣同性婚姻法案,今日(5月17日)在立法院通過二讀。台灣執政的民進黨在立法院強力支持該草案,反對黨國民黨則有多數委員投下反對票。


根據台灣法律,二讀通過當天下午六點前需執行三讀程序,若無違憲等重大疏失,二讀通過的法案都會獲得最終批准。


此法律的施行意味著從5月24日起,年滿18歲的台灣同性伴侶便可依法登記結婚。但是,關於領養小孩以及跨國同志婚姻,包含大陸及港澳同志能否到台灣結婚的問題沒有在此專法上完全採納。


相同



  1. 年滿18歲的同性配偶可以登記結婚,婚姻當事人可收養另一方的「親生子女」,凖用民法「繼親收養」規定。

  2. 同性配偶擁有合法財產繼承權、醫療權,但同時也必須遵守單一配偶相關權利義務。

  3. 同性伴侶一樣要受到婚姻規範包含通姦罪、重婚罪。


不同



  1. 無法領養非親生子女。

  2. 目前只能與同婚通過的國家公民結婚,大陸港澳伴侶也尚未納入專法。


外界分析,蔡英文政府高調要求推動通過同性婚姻專法,賭上了自己及該黨的政治生涯。亦有評論認為,蔡英文此次為清理戰場,將纏繞她本人及該黨已久的同性婚姻法案迅速解決,有利於她競選下一屆總統。


同志團體稱此為歷史性的一刻,除了感激蔡政府之外,並感謝30年來參與同志運動的每位支持者。但贊成與反對同婚的群體仍然存在明顯意見分歧。


English translation:

The Taiwanese Same-Sex Marriage Bill, which has been in dispute for a long time, passed the second reading in the Legislative Yuan today (May 17). Taiwan’s ruling Democratic Progressive Party strongly supported the draft in the Legislative Yuan, while the opposition Kuomintang had a majority vote against it.

According to Taiwan law, the third reading must be carried out at 6:00 pm on the same day as the second reading. If there are no major irregularities such as unconstitutionality, the bill passed on the second reading will finally be approved.

The implementation of this law means that starting from May 24, Taiwanese same-sex couples who are 18 years of age or older can register to marry in accordance with the law. However, the issues of child adoption and multinational gay marriages, including whether gay people from Mainland, Hong Kong, would be able to get married in Taiwan, has not been fully adopted in this special law.

Identical:

  1. Same-sex couples who are at least 18 years of age can register for marriage, and the parties to the marriage can adopt the biological child of the other party, using the "step-family adoption" rule of the civil law.
  2. Same-sex couples have legal inheritance rights and medical rights, but must also abide by the rights and obligations of a single spouse.
  3. Same-sex couples are also subject to marriage regulations including adultery and bigamy.

Different:

  1. Unable to adopt non-biological children.
  2. At present, (Taiwan) will only allow marriage with citizens of countries that have implemented marriage equality. Partners from Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macao also have not yet been included in the law.

According to outside analysis, the Tsai Ing-wen government has a high-profile request to promote the adoption of the same-sex marriage law, gambling her own political life as well as the party. Some commentators also believe that Tsai Ing-wen’s clean-up of the battlefield will quickly resolve her own and the party’s long-standing same-sex marriage bill, which will help her run for president in the next election.

The gay community called this a historic moment, in addition to being grateful to the Tsai's government, they also thanked every supporter who has participated in the gay movement for the last 30 years. However, there are still obvious differences of opinion between those who support and those who oppose marriage equality.

 


The article is taken and revised from here to suit the level of readers. photo is taken from here.  

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